Rabu, 15 September 2010

Perintah-Perintah Dasar Pada Semua OS Linux

image Sesuai dengan judul yang sudah saya buat, hari ini kita akan bahas sedikit bahasa-bahasa mesin versinya Linux (Free OS) yang saya rasa cukup diperlukan pemula sebagai pemahaman lanjutan mengenai OS linux. Tentu saja untuk menguasai linux anda harus mengerti bahasa dasarnya dulu kan???
Dibawah ini adalah beberapa kumpulan perintah dasar Linux dan fungsinya masing-masing:

watch    Execute/display a program periodically
wc       Print byte, word, and line counts
whereis  Report all known instances of a command
which    Locate a program file in the user's path.
while    Execute commands
who      Print all usernames currently logged in
whoami   Print the current user id and name (`id -un')
Wget     Retrieve web pages or files via HTTP, HTTPS or FTP

alias    Create an alias
awk      Find and Replace text, database sort/validate/index
bzip2    Compress or decompress named file(s)

v        Verbosely list directory contents (`ls -l -b')
vdir     Verbosely list directory contents (`ls -l -b')
vi       Text Editor

cal      Display a calendar
cat      Display the contents of a file
cd       Change Directory
chgrp    Change group ownership
chmod    Change access permissions
chown    Change file owner and group
chroot   Run a command with a different root directory
cksum    Print CRC checksum and byte counts
clear    Clear terminal screen
cmp      Compare two files
comm     Compare two sorted files line by line
command  Run a command - ignoring shell functions
cp       Copy one or more files to another location
cron     Daemon to execute scheduled commands
crontab  Schedule a command to run at a later time
csplit   Split a file into context-determined pieces
cut      Divide a file into several parts

ulimit   Limit user resources
umask    Users file creation mask
umount   Unmount a device
unalias  Remove an alias
uname    Print system information
unset    Remove variable or function names
unshar   Unpack shell archive scripts
useradd  Create new user account
usermod  Modify user account
users    List users currently logged in

date     Display or change the date & time
df       Display free disk space
diff     Display the differences between two files
diff3    Show differences among three files
dig      DNS lookup
dir      Briefly list directory contents
dircolors Colour setup for `ls'
dirname  Convert a full pathname to just a path
dirs     Display list of remembered directories
du       Estimate file space usage

tail     Output the last part of files
tar      Tape ARchiver
test     Evaluate a conditional expression
time     Measure Program running time
times    User and system times
touch    Change file timestamps
top      List processes running on the system
traceroute Trace Route to Host
trap     Run a command when a signal is set(bourne)
tty      Print filename of terminal on stdin
type     Describe a command

echo     Display message on screen
egrep    Search file(s) for lines that match an extended expression
eject    Eject removable media
enable   Enable and disable builtin shell commands
env      Environment variables
ethtool  Ethernet card settings
eval     Evaluate several commands/arguments
exec     Execute a command
exit     Exit the shell
expand   Convert tabs to spaces
export   Set an environment variable

scp      Secure copy (remote file copy)
sdiff    Merge two files interactively
sed      Stream Editor
seq      Print numeric sequences
set      Manipulate shell variables and functions
sftp     Secure File Transfer Program
shift    Shift positional parameters
shopt    Shell Options
shutdown Shutdown or restart linux
sleep    Delay for a specified time
sort     Sort text files
source   Run commands from a file `.'
split    Split a file into fixed-size pieces
ssh      Secure Shell client (remote login program)
strace   Trace system calls and signals
su       Substitute user identity
sum      Print a checksum for a file
symlink  Make a new name for a file
sync     Synchronize data on disk with memory

fdformat Low-level format a floppy disk
fdisk    Partition table manipulator for Linux
fgrep    Search file(s) for lines that match a fixed string
file     Determine file type
find     Search for files that meet a desired criteria
fold     Wrap text to fit a specified width.
format   Format disks or tapes
free     Display memory usage
fsck     File system consistency check and repair
ftp      File Transfer Protocol

ram      ram disk device
rcp      Copy files between two machines.
read     read a line from standard input
readonly Mark variables/functions as readonly
remsync  Synchronize remote files via email
rm       Remove files
rmdir    Remove folder(s)
rsync    Remote file copy (Synchronize file trees)

gawk     Find and Replace text within file(s)
getopts  Parse positional parameters
grep     Search file(s) for lines that match a given pattern
groups   Print group names a user is in
gzip     Compress or decompress named file(s)

quota    Display disk usage and limits
quotacheck Scan a file system for disk usage
quotactl Set disk quotas

head     Output the first part of file(s)
history  Command History
hostname Print or set system name

passwd   Modify a user password
pathchk  Check file name portability
ping     Test a network connection
popd     Restore the previous value of the current directory
ps       Process status
pushd    Save and then change the current directory
pwd      Print Working Directory

id       Print user and group id's
ifconfig Configure a network interface
install  Copy files and set attributes

less     Display output one screen at a time
ln       Make links between files
locate   Find files
logname  Print current login name
logout   Exit a login shell
look     Display lines beginning with a given string
lpc      Line printer control program
ls       List information about file(s)
lsof     List open files

join     Join lines on a common field

kill     Stop a process from running

Semoga Bermanfaat! image 

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